Employers invest a tremendous amount of time, money, and other resources into recruiting and training their employees. A competitor targeting your qualified employees could cause harm to your business. This raises an important question: Can another business poach your employees? In California, the answer is “it depends”—poaching employees is generally lawful, but there are limits on what another employer can do. In this article, our Fremont business lawyer highlights the key things to know about another company’s ability to steal your employees in California.
Background: California is an At-Will Employment State
As a starting point, it is important to emphasize that California is an at-will employment jurisdiction. The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) explains that at-will employment is a doctrine whereby either—employer or employee—has the right to end the relationship at any time and for any reason, except for an illegal reason. In other words, in the absence of an employment contract, an individual employee is free to leave your company.
Employee Non-Compete Agreements are Unenforceable in California
Some states allow employees to get their employees to sign non-compete agreements that, at least temporarily, prevent them from working for a direct competitor. Employee non-compete agreements are not enforceable in California. However, non-solicitation agreements may be upheld.
Businesses in California Have Rights and Options for Protecting their Interests
Simply put, California law protects an employee’s right to leave their employer for a competitor. It also protects the right of a business to try to recruit qualified employees—including those actively employed at competing businesses. Poaching of employees is generally lawful in California. However, there are some limitations that prevent competitors from “stealing” your employees. Here are some of the key things that employers in California should understand about their rights and options for keeping competing businesses from poaching their employees:
- Employees Owe a Basic Duty of Loyalty: A worker who is actively employed at your company owes it a basic duty of loyalty. An employee could announce that they are leaving to join a competing company, but they generally cannot actively solicit their co-workers to join them while still in your employ.
- Employment Agreements May Offer Protection: One strategy that businesses can use to protect their staff from poaching is an employment agreement. An employee who signs a valid and well-tailored employment agreement could face a breach of contract claim if they do not abide by the terms—such as if they leave for a competitor before the contract ends. Though, it is important to emphasize that non-compete clauses cannot be included in an employment agreement in California. However, the competitor may be liable for interfering with that employment contract.
- California Law Prohibits “Workforce Raids”: While general “poaching” of employees is not barred in California, there are some restrictions on “raids.” In effect, the law prohibits competitors from using bad faith practices to intentionally solicit a large number of your employees to damage your business. If your employees are “raided” by a competitor, you could have a tortious interference claim under California law. Generally, an employment contract is required to successfully pursue this type of claim.
How Businesses Can Protect Confidential Information When Employees Leave
While businesses in California have limited options to prevent their employees from leaving to take a position at a competing company, employers do have options for protecting their confidential information. A properly drafted and well-tailored non-disclosure agreement that protects proprietary business information, including trade secrets, may be enforceable in California.
Contact Our Fremont, CA Business Law Attorney Today
Lynnette Ariathurai is an experienced, solutions-driven business lawyer. If you have any questions about another company stealing your employees, we are here to help. Contact us today for a strictly confidential consultation. We provide business law representation throughout the Bay Area.