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Business legal services in Silicon Valley

Attorney for Internet-Based Business

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The beauty of the Internet is that it creates online experiences that connect people worldwide to solutions or products that your company offers. And an Internet-based business can get off the ground without the big budget and deep pockets needed to launch a brick and mortar storefront. Digital storefronts are fast and nimble, and you can launch them relatively quickly without a huge investment in infrastructure for business operations.

An important partner for your Internet-based business is an experienced and competent business attorney to handle the legal affairs of your company or provide advice as it launches, grows, and expands to new products, services, markets, or business acquisitions.

Below are some best practices surrounding the topic of what new Internet-based businesses should look for when hiring a lawyer:

  • Look for an attorney you can trust. A competent, responsive, and experienced attorney in the area of Internet-based business is a great place to start. People skills, such as trust, congeniality, and relatability, are important and often overlooked considerations.
  • Don’t wait for a problem to hire a lawyer. Just because start-up costs for an Internet-based business are low relative to bricks and mortar launches does not mean that your start-up does not need a lawyer. Lawyers are invaluable for any transactions involving the government, interactions with customers, suppliers, users, employees, and the public. Specific tasks that lawyers help start-ups accomplish include:
  • Incorporation and forming a business entity
  • Hiring employees
  • Negotiating contracts with customers and suppliers, including establishing terms of service for websites and license agreements for software
  • Raising capital
  • Obtaining copyrights, patents, and trademarks

What if your legal budget is small, which priorities should you focus on?

There are certain legal tasks that must be addressed early in the development of your Internet-based business. Proper business formation, including selecting an LLC or corporation to protect you from business liability, should happen before your launch. Establishing ownership and equity rights of the company when there are multiple founders, along with their corresponding responsibilities, are the second most important tasks to resolve, early in the life of your startup.

Sort out your taxes, and determine which ones need to be paid concurrently with the posting of your income, such as sales and use taxes, as well as understanding the tax consequences of business forms. Lastly, Internet-based businesses are intellectual property. Make sure that your idea, and any software developed to run your business is legally protected and owned by the company, especially if you use independent contractors to develop software or apps.

Experience Handling Business Formations

If you are an aspiring business owner or entrepreneur seeking an attorney for starting and building an Internet-based business, we can help you turn your ideas into actions. Our Fremont business attorneys can partner with you to build a lasting relationship that is mutually beneficial. Contact us today for an initial legal consultation in Fremont, CA as well as Newark, Hayward, East Bay, Milpitas, Union City, San Leandro, Gilroy, San Jose, and Santa Clara. We look forward to putting our legal experience to work for you.

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Business legal services in Silicon Valley

6 Ways to Prevent Wrongful Termination Claims

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Sooner or later, every business will have to deal with an employee claiming that they were wrongfully terminated from their job. The reality is that employers usually terminate employees for performance or due to downsizing. Whenever you must make the business decision to terminate an employee, you should be aware that the employee may file a claim or attempt to sue you.

Your company’s termination process, and how it handles employees during the termination process, very often has a direct impact on whether the employee decides to file a wrongful termination claim against your company post termination. Even when you have a clear termination policy and clearly communicate it to employees as they join the company, and follow it as the employee exits the company, a lawsuit may follow.

Here are some best practices to help you avoid wrongful termination litigation

  • Define work performance objectives.

If you make the decision to terminate an employee, it should not be a great surprise for the employee. Document the employee counseling process – from warning, to reprimand, and to suspension. Communicate the progressive disciplinary measures with expectations for improvement to the employee and document this in his or her employee file. Thus, having a system to identify performance objectives, and comparing an employee’s individual performance against those objectives, and then communicating with the employee whether they meet or don’t meet those criteria, makes the actual termination, for performance reasons, simpler and less shocking to the employee.

  • Terminate with compassion.

Even if an employee expects to be terminated from employment because of performance failures, they may still be shocked when terminated and react poorly. A termination from employment is a stressful event. Wherever possible use compassion and empathy to deliver the news while remaining firm that despite everyone’s best efforts, a separation from employment may lead the employee to find a better position elsewhere.

  • Consider liability insurance.

Because employee lawsuits against employers for wrongful termination are common, an employer should consider liability insurance, to help pay for legal fees and any potential claim for damages. Make sure you understand the available insurance options – including what is covered, whether you are permitted to select your own attorney, and whether the claims are paid per claim or per claimant.

  • Comply with all state and federal employment laws, when applicable.

Most employers do not know all the state and federal employment laws applicable to their businesses.  There are several Supreme Court cases and laws implemented during the year.  It is best for business owners to see an Employment Law attorney annually to review their policies and procedures (see below Item 5) and to know the laws applicable to their businesses. 

Make sure your company follows all the rules associated with employment promulgated by the federal Department of Labor and the State of California’s Labor and Workforce Development Agency. Posting requirements, payment of severance wages, and responding to unemployment insurance inquiries are very important.

Also, before terminating an employee, consulting with an attorney would be best practice.  Your Business Attorney will review documentation, then help clients through the termination process to minimize claims.

  • Employment handbooks.

Writing down your employment policies and procedures as well as distributing copies of the company’s employment policies and procedures to employees is the foundation of providing a defense to a claim for wrongful termination. Employees should be provided with an employment handbook at the start of their employment and required to sign a receipt indicating that they received the handbook and accept the employment policies contained in the employment handbook.

  • Train your human resources team.

Your human resources personnel should be up to date with all the labor and employment laws in California or wherever else your company maintains employees. Don’t underestimate the power of developing soft skills, like using effective and efficient communications during the onboarding and termination processes.

Develop a termination plan and related employment policies

Avoiding wrongful termination suits and defending against them if they arise are just two realities of employer-employee relationships today. Assure that your company is following all applicable state and federal laws. If you own a small business and seek assistance preparing an employment handbook and related employment policies and procedures, contact Aria Law firm, a Fremont business lawyer for an initial consultation. Counseling clients in Fremont, CA near Newark, Hayward, East Bay, Milpitas, Union City, San Leandro, Gilroy, San Jose, Santa Clara, We look forward to putting our legal experience to work for you.

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Business legal services in Silicon Valley

Why Use a Fictitious Business Name?

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Choosing a unique business name is one of the most important decisions a business owner makes when establishing a new enterprise. Your business name is the foundation of your brand. It provides an identifying mark that tells your customers who you are and what type of product or service you offer. A poorly chosen business name may bring negative attention from the marketplace and has the power to kill your venture before it properly takes off.

When a business would like to operate with a name that is different than the name used to form the business, then a fictitious name is required.

A fictitious name is an excellent way of setting up a boundary between you and your business venture. Fictitious business or trade names are known as a “DBA,” which means “doing business as”.  In addition, you may manage many “DBA’s” under the same original legal entity for different businesses you may manage.

Details about Setting up a California DBA

  • A DBA must be filed under a unique name and your selection should be researched in the local county clerk’s office or recorder’s office
  • Certain words cannot be part of your DBA, such as “incorporated”, “LLC”, “corporation” and others
  • A sole proprietor may not need a DBA if they intend to use their surname in the business name
  • DBA statements must be published in a local newspaper within 30 days of filing for your DBA

Advantages of Operating Under a DBA

  • Low up-front costs. A DBA requires low upfront costs.  You can register a trade name with the Division of Corporations and your business can open its doors for a nominal fee with few compliance requirements (besides business entity and state registration, as required).
  • Quick market entry. A DBA allows companies to rapidly maximize business potential by locking down a name and branding without the fear of another market entrant claiming it.

Where to Get Help

If you want to operate your company under a fictitious business name you must register with the appropriate county and state authorities. A California business lawyer can help you file and register a DBA or trade name. It is important that you understand what liability protection is available to you when establishing a DBA.  To receive personal protection of your assets, your company will need to file and register a corporation.

If you are a business owner in the East Bay Area including Fremont, CA near Newark, Hayward, East Bay Milpitas, Union City, San Leandro, Gilroy, San Jose or Santa Clara, seeking legal guidance on how to establish a trade or fictitious names, look no further than a California business lawyer who can provide legal advice and counsel.

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Business legal services in Silicon Valley

Business Websites Need to be ADA Accessible

Websites Need to be ADA Accessible

A web presence is necessary in today’s business world for companies large and small. In this article, we not a recent federal decision in the Second Circuit is a reminder that restaurants, and other businesses that may interface with the public, have additional responsibilities under the places of public accommodation provisions of the American with Disabilities Act (ADA).

In this New York case, a blind woman, Cheryl Thurston, who relies on a screen reader to interact with websites was unable to read the menu on a restaurant’s website using her screen reader. She was unable to do so because the restaurant’s website was not designed to permit access using a screen reader. Ms. Thurston sued the restaurant for violations of Title III of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title III) and the ADA.

United States federal law requires public accommodations to be accessible to all people, including the blind, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of “race, color, religion, or national origin.” The definition of public accommodation within the Title III of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 includes “any inn, hotel, motel, or other establishment which provides lodging to transient guests.” The other establishment provision referenced here includes restaurants.

The trial court granted summary judgment in favor of the woman, finding that the restaurant’s website fell within the category of “services …privileges, advantages, or accommodations of” a restaurant, which is a place of public accommodation under the ADA. In short Ms. Thurston proved that the restaurant’s website was inaccessible to blind users. The court issued an injunction mandating the restaurant complies with the current version of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) published by the World Wide Web Consortium, a non-governmental international agency that sets the standards for the worldwide web.

The restaurant appealed the decision. The court of appeals affirmed the lower court’s decision holding that the trial court properly found that Title III of the ADA applied to the restaurant’s website. However, like the trial court, the court of appeals declined to declare that the restaurant was in violation of the ADA for not previously having implemented the standard. The restaurant is required to comply with WCAG 2.0 guidelines to make its website accessible to disabled people.

Why the Thurston Decision Matters

The decision in the Thurston case will have far reaching effects on many businesses, not just restaurants. In the past, to maintain a lawsuit alleging a violation of the ADA, a business patron would have needed to physically go to the business and be able to describe in the complaint what he or she “saw” that made the business non-compliant with the ADA. Now, all a business patron needs to do is try to engage with your business’ website.

Key Takeaways for Your Business’ Website Regarding ADA Accessibility

Businesses with websites should immediately investigate whether their websites are ADA compliant. Check with your website designer, webmaster, or advertising agency for guidance on how to comply with the WCAG guidelines to make your website ADA compliant.

Unfortunately, prior to implementing this change to your website, your business may get hit with a lawsuit or receive a threatening letter from an attorney about a lawsuit. Small businesses often wind up paying $5,000 or more to make the claim go away, which could increase your compliance costs substantially.

If you own a business in the East Bay Area including Fremont, CA near Newark, Hayward, Milpitas, Union City, San Leandro, Gilroy, San Jose or Santa Clara and you are seeking legal guidance on how to make your website ADA compliant or need counsel to represent your business threatened with a lawsuit for ADA non-compliance, get legal advice from a California business lawyer today.

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The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for advice regarding your individual situation. Contacting us does not create an attorney-client relationship.